1. The competition area will be a matted square, with sides of eight meters (measured from the outside) with an additional one metre on all sides as a safety area. There will be a clear safety area of two meters on each side. Where an elevated competition area is used, the safety area should be of an additional one (1) metre on each side.
2. Two mats are inverted with the red side turned up in one metre distance from the mat centre to form a boundary between the Competitors. When starting or resuming combat the Competitors will be standing front and centre on the mat facing each other.
3. Each Judge will be seated at the corners on the mat in the safety area. The Referee may move around the entire tatami, including the safety area where the Judges are seated. Each Judge will be equipped with a red and a blue flag.
4. The Match Supervisor will be seated just outside the safety area, behind, and to the left or right of the Referee. He/she will be equipped with a red flag or sign, and a whistle.
5. The score-supervisor will be seated at the official score table, between the scorekeeper and the timekeeper.
6. Coaches will be seated outside the safety area, on their respective sides at the side of the tatami towards the official table. Where the tatami area is elevated, the Coaches will be placed outside the elevated area.
7. The one metre border must be in a different colour from the rest of the matted area.
Referees and Judges must wear the official uniform designated by the Referee Commission. This uniform must be worn at all tournaments, briefings, and courses.
The official uniform will be as follows:
The following protective equipments are compulsory:
Karate Competitions are categorized as follows:-
Scores are as follows:
The result of a bout is determined by a Competitor obtaining a clear lead of eight points, or at time-up, having the highest number of points, first unopposed point advantage (SENSHU), obtaining a decision (HANTEI), or by a HANSOKU, SHIKKAKU, or KIKEN, imposed against a Competitor.
Individual bouts can normally not be declared a tie. Only in team competition, or in round robin competition, when a bout ends with equal scores, or no scores, and neither Competitor has obtained SENSHU, will the Referee announce a tie (HIKIWAKE).
In any bout, if after full time the scores are equal, but one Competitor has obtained ‘first unopposed score advantage’ (SENSHU), that Competitor will be declared the winner. In any individual bout, where no score has been obtained by either Competitor, or the score is equal without any Competitor has obtained ‘first unopposed score' advantage’, the decision will be made by a final vote of the four Judges and the Referee, each casting their vote.
A decision in favour of one or the other Competitor is obligatory and is taken on the basis of the following criteria:
Should a Competitor that has been awarded SENSHU receive a Category 2 warning for avoiding combat for the following incidents: Jogai, running away, clinching, grabbing, wrestling, pushing or standing chest to chest when there is less than 15 seconds left of the bout – the Competitor will automatically forfeit this advantage. The Referee will then first show the type of infraction the Competitor did to solicit the support of the Judges. Once the Referee is supported by minimum two flags, he/she will show the sign for the applicable Category 2 warning followed by the sign for SENSHU, and finally the sign for annulment (TORIMASEN) At the same time announcing AKA/AO SENSHU TORIMASEN. If SENSHU is withdrawn when it is less than 15 seconds left of the bout, no further SENSHU can be awarded to either Competitor.
If the two teams have the same number of bout victories and points, then a deciding bout will be held. Each team may nominate any one Competitor of their team for purpose of fighting the extra bout, regardless if that person already has fought in a previous bout between the two teams. If the extra bout does not produce a winner based on superiority on points, nor any of the Competitors receive SENSHU, the extra bout will be decided based on HANTEI according to the same procedure as for individual bouts. The result of the HANTEI for the extra bout will then also determine the result of the team match.
In team matches when a team has won sufficient bout victories or scored sufficient points as to be the established winner, then the match is declared over, and no further bouts will take place.
In instances where both AKA and AO are disqualified in the same bout by Hansoku, the opponents scheduled for the next round will win by bye (and no result is announced), unless the double disqualification applies to a medal bout, in which case the winner will be declared by HANTEI, unless one of the Competitors has SENSHU.
There are two categories of prohibited behaviour, Category 1 and Category 2.
There are two degrees of penalties: HANSOKU and SHIKKAKU, both causing the Competitor violating the rules to be disqualified from i) the bout (HANSOKU) - or ii) from the bout and the entire tournament (SHIKKAKU). In the case of SHIKKAKU further sanctions may still be imposed by the Legal and Disciplinary Commission based on the outcome of complaints.
KIKEN or forfeiture is the decision given, when a Competitor or Competitors fail to present themselves when called, are unable to continue, abandon the bout, or are withdrawn on the order of the Referee. The grounds for abandonment may include injury not ascribable to the opponent's actions. Forfeiture by KIKEN means that the Competitors are disqualified from that category, although it does not affect participation in another category.
If two Competitors injure each other or are suffering from the effects of previously incurred injury and are declared by the Tournament Doctor to be unable to continue, the bout is awarded to the Competitor who has amassed the most points. In Individual Bouts if the points score is equal, then a vote (HANTEI) will decide the outcome of the bout, unless one of the Competitors has SENSHU. In Team Matches the Referee will announce a tie (HIKIWAKE), unless one of the Competitors has SENSHU. Should the situation occur in an extra bout for deciding a Team Match, then a vote (HANTEI) will determine the outcome, unless one of the Competitors has SENSHU.
An injured Competitor who wins a bout through disqualification due to injury is not allowed to fight again in the competition without permission from the tournament doctor.
When a Competitor is injured, the Referee shall at once halt the bout and call the doctor. The doctor is authorize to diagnose and treat injury only.
A Competitor who is injured during a bout in progress and requires medical treatment will be allowed three minutes in which to receive it. If treatment is not completed within the time allowed, the Referee will decide if the Competitor shall be declared unfit to fight or whether an extension of treatment time shall be given.
Any Competitor who falls, is thrown, or knocked down, and does not fully regain his or her feet within ten seconds, is considered unfit to continue fighting and will be automatically withdrawn from all Kumite events in that tournament. In the event that a Competitor falls, is thrown, or knocked down and does not regain his or her feet immediately, the Referee will call the doctor, and at the same time start a verbal count to ten in the English language indicating his count showing a finger for each second. In all cases where the 10 second count has been started the doctor will be asked to examine the Competitor before the bout can resume. For incidents falling under this 10 second rule, the Competitor may be examined on the mat.
Kata competition takes the form of team and individual bouts. Team matches consist of competition between three-person teams. Each team is exclusively male, or exclusively female. The Individual Kata competition consists of individual performance in separate male and female divisions.
The elimination system used for kata is dividing the Competitors (individuals or teams) in equal number groups of eight (with the exceptions explained for less than 11 or more than 96) and for each round reduce the number of Competitors per group to 4 passing on to the next round - until only two groups of Competitors (individual or teams) remains, whereupon the Competitors with the highest score in each of the two respective groups are pitted against each other competing for 1st place (the loser taking 2nd place) and the Competitors having the second highest score in each of the two groups are pitted against the third highest score in the other group to compete for the two 3 rd places (bronze finals).
List of the Shotokan Katas:-
A Competitor or a team of Competitors may be disqualified for any of the following reasons:
The following fouls, if apparent, must be considered:
|SHOBU HAJIME||Start the Match or Bout|
|ATO SHIBARAKU||15 sec before the match ends|
|MOTO NO ICHI||Original position|
|TSUZUKETE||Fight on (Continue )|
|TSUZUKETE HAJIME||Resume fighting – Begin (Continue after ‘Yame’)|
|AKA (AO) NO KACHI||Red (Blue) wins|
|AKA (AO) IPPON||Red (Blue) scores three points|
|AKA (AO) WAZA-ARI||Red (Blue) scores two points|
|AKA (AO) YUKO||Red (Blue) scores one point|
|HANSOKU-CHUI||Warning of disqualification|
|JOGAI||Exit from the match area not caused by the opponent|
|SENSHU||First unopposed point advantage|
|SHIKKAKU||Disqualification “Leave the Area”|